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2014, 31(7):541-544.doi:10.13213/j.cnki.jeom.2014.0128

Disaster Prevention Literacy on Coping with Sudden Natural Disasters among College Students in Wenzhou City


1. Wenzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhejiang 325000, China

Received: 2013-10-18;  Published: 2017-06-26

[Objective] To describe the demographic characterizations, status of disaster prevention literacy on coping with sudden natural disasters, related impact factors, information sources, and demand among college students in Wenzhou City, and to provide basis for promoting college education on disaster prevention.

[Conclusion] By multistage random sampling, 226 medical students and 201 non-medical students were selected from four colleges of two universities in Wenzhou City and enrolled in a questionnaire survey on sudden natural disaster prevention literacy.

[Results] The overall level of disaster prevention literacy on coping with sudden natural disasters among the college students in Wenzhou City was 53.63%. The factors associated with higher knowledge scores of disaster prevention were gender (OR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.180-2.890 for men vs. women), birth place (OR=0.35, 95% CI: 0.240-0.510 for local students vs. non-local students), and college (OR=1.82, 95% CI: 1.170-2.820 for medical students vs. non-medical students). The students preferred to obtain the knowledge by TV, lectures by experts, and short messages. Of the 427 students investigated, 94.38% reported that schools should provide disaster prevention education, and first-aid skills, in-disaster risk aversion, and post-disaster disease prevention were the leading three demanded information.

[Conclusion] The college students in Wenzhou City show a low level of disaster prevention literacy on coping with sudden natural disasters. Therefore, college health education on accidental natural disasters is required to tackle this issue.

Key Words: sudden natural disaster;  health literacy;  college student;  health education;  first-aid skill;  in-disaster risk aversion;  post-disaster disease prevention 

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